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View Full Version : Ruby Payne-Scott's 100th Birthday



Admin
28-05-2012, 07:54 PM
Over the years Australia has been the home of many talented pioneers in different fields , today we pay homage to Ruby Payne-Scott
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/9b/Peter-hall.ruby.payne-scott.jpg/220px-Peter-hall.ruby.payne-scott.jpg

One of the more outstanding physicists[2] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruby_Payne-Scott#cite_note-1) that Australia has ever produced and one of the first people in the world to consider the possibility of radio astronomy (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radio_astronomy), and thereby responsible for what is now a fundamental part of the modern lexicon of science, she was often the only woman in her classes at the University of Sydney.
Her career arguably reached its zenith while working for the Australian government (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_government)'s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CSIRO) (then called CSIR, now known as CSIRO) at Dover Heights (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dover_Heights,_New_South_Wales), Hornsby (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hornsby,_New_South_Wales) and especially Potts Hill (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Potts_Hill,_New_South_Wales) in Sydney (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sydney,_New_South_Wales), Australia. Some of her fundamental contributions to solar radio astronomy came at the end of this period. She is the discoverer of Type I and Type III bursts[3] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruby_Payne-Scott#cite_note-2) and participated in the recognition of Type II and IV bursts. Payne-Scott played a major role in the first-ever radio astronomical interferometer (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interferometer) observation from 26 January 1946, when the sea-cliff interferometer was used to determine the position and angular size of a solar burst. This observation occurred at either Dover Heights (ex Army shore defence radar) or at Beacon Hill, near Collaroy on Sydney's north shore (ex Royal Australian Air Force surveillance radar establishment - however this radar did not become active until early 1950).[4] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruby_Payne-Scott#cite_note-3)
During World War II (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II), she was engaged in top secret (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classified_information) work investigating radar (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radar). She was the expert on the detection of aircraft using PPI (Plan Position Indicator (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plan_Position_Indicator)) displays. She was also at the time a member of the Communist Party[5] (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruby_Payne-Scott#cite_note-4) and an early advocate for women's rights (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_rights). The Australian Security Intelligence Organisation (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australian_Security_Intelligence_Organisation) (ASIO) was interested in Payne-Scott and had a substantial file on her activities, with some distortions.[citation needed (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Citation_needed)]


Ruby Payne-Scott - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ruby_Payne-Scott)

wingman
28-05-2012, 10:30 PM
who? :p